Rise of the ‘Iran Lobby’

http://online.wsj.com/article/SB123552619980465801.html (Accessed 25 Feb 09.)

21 http://www.uni-kassel.de/fb5/frieden/regionen/Iran/stimmen/us-generale.html

22 “CHEVRON: Effort can aid development, official says,” The Russia Journal,  March 23-29, 2001 (pg. 10)

23 Ibid, The Russia Journal  (pg. 10)

24 “Exxon Mobil at anti-Iran sanctions meet-trade group,” Reuters, September 1, 2000

http://www.forbes.com/2000/09/01/rtr35617.html (Accessed 25 Feb 09.)

25 Banerjee, Neela, “Conoco Plays Security Card in Promoting its Merger,” The New York Times, November 21, 2001. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C00E2D81F3BF932A15752C1A9679C8B63 (Accessed 25 Feb 09.)

26 Spencer, Robert, “Kerry: Carter Redux?” Front Page Magazine, August 20, 2004.

http://frontpagemagazine.com/Articles/Read.aspx?GUID=D24BF5D4-59E5-4921-BEEC-353963BDB821 (Accessed 25 Feb 09.)

27 Pugwash Online, Iran’s Nuclear Energy Program: Policies and Prospects, Tehran, Iran, 25 April 2006.

28 Voice of America, 22 October 1990, 18:01 PM EDT http://www.fas.org/news/iran/1999/991022-iran1.htm (Accessed 22 Dec 08.)

29 An interview with Ambassador Thomas Pickering, courtesy of www.culturesofresistance.org  YouTube interview posted at http://capwiz.com/justforeignpolicy/issues/alert/?alertid=11567451&type=CO (Accessed 22 Dec 08.)

30 Jaschik, Scott, “Professor John L. Esposito: A Profile, The Muslim Weekly as posted on Campus Watch, March 21, 2005. http://www.campuswatch.org/article/id/2118 (Accessed 22 Dec 08.)

31 Esposito, John L., “Introduction to Modernizing Islam: Religion in the Public Sphere in Europe and the Middle East”, Published by Rutgers University Press, London, 2003 (pg. 6).

32 Ibid, pg. 7.

33 Jaschik

34 Amb. Laingen spoke for the Foreign Affairs Oral History Program at Georgetown University on several days between January 9 and May 27, 1993. http://library.georgetown.edu/dept/speccoll/laingen.htm (Accessed 30 Dec 08.)

35 Daioleslam, Hassan, “Iran’s Oil Mafia,” Front Page Magazine, 16 April 2007.

http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=27787 (Accessed 25 Feb 09.)

37 Ibid

38 Porter, Gareth, “Rove Said to Have Received 2003 Iranian Proposal,” Inter Press Service (IPS), February 16, 2006. http://ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=36609 (Accessed 25 Feb 09.)

39 Aftab News, Aug 5, 2008. http://www.aftabnews.ir/vdcc10q2b0q4m.html (Accessed 22 Dec 08.)

40 http://www.iranian.com/SiamakNamazi/index.html (Accessed 9 Dec 2008.)

41 Atieh Bahar website http://www.atiehbahar.com (Accessed 9 Dec 08.)

42 Atieh Dadeh Pardaz website with list of banking, IT, and other clients http://www.adpdigital.com/en/clients.php (Accessed 9 Dec 08.)

43 Hamyaran website http://www.hamyaran.org (Accessed 9 Dec 08.)

44 NIAC is listed among the NED 2005 grant recipients http://www.ned.org/grants/05programs/grants-mena05.html A  training report is posted at http://www.ned.org/mena/fa/pdfdocs/INTRAC_Building_Organizational_Capacity_in_Iranian_Civil_Society.pdf  (Accessed 8 Dec 08.)

45 “Iran Lobby in the U.S.: Becoming Active?” Aftab News, 7 December 2007

46 Middle East Policy, Vol. XV, No. 3, Fall 2008 and Vol. XIV, No. 3, Fall 2007.

47 Fitzgerald, Hugh, “Fitzgerald: Syllabus: Islam and Global Forces (Part I) [on University of Colorado professor Anita Weiss, refs. John Esposito, Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding], CampusWatch.org, November 5, 2007. http://www.campuswatch.org/article/id/4216 (Accessed 10 Dec 08.)

48 Barbara Slavin currently is Assistant Managing Editor for World and National Security of The Washington Times. She is also the author of a 2007 book on Iran entitled Bitter Friends, Bosom Enemies: Iran, the U.S. and the Twisted Path to Confrontation.

50 Ibid

51 The Gulf/2000 website and its donors are listed at http://gulf2000.columbia.edu/about.shtml (Accessed 30 Dec 08.)

52 Parvin, Mohammed and Hassan Daioleslam, “Gary Sick, Ahmadinejad’s Best Pal,” SERENDIP blog, 21 September 2007, at http://fleetingperusal.blogspot.com/2007/09/gary-sick-ahmadinejads-best-pal.html (Accessed 30 Dec 08.)

53 Ibid

54 The author was present at a 2006 public forum at which Slavin replied to an audience question about her ability to secure repeated visas to visit Iran by noting candidly that she did accede to some degree to her hosts’ agenda.

55 “Larijani would reply to letter from U.S. Congressmen,” Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA), 7 December 2008.

56 Trita Parsi’s response as captured on You Tube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j_EthZoSTvQ

57 Parsi, Trita, “The Iranian Challenge,” The Nation, November 1, 2007. http://www.thenation.com/doc/20071119/parsi

58 Eternad News as carried by the Emrooz.net website, November 12, 2008.

59 “Obama: Israel is a ‘constant sore’, WorldNetDaily, May 13, 2008 http://www.worldnetdaily.com/index.php?fa=PAGE.view&pageId=64236

60 Warikoo, Niraj, “Local Muslim leader met privately with Obama,” Free Press, May 15, 2008.